Has gender equality been achieved?
Although the world has made progress in gender equality under the Millennium Development Goals (including equal access to primary education for girls and boys), women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in every part of the world. Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but also a necessary foundation for peace, prosperity and sustainability in the world. Equal access for women and girls to education, health care, decent work, representation in political and economic processes and decision-making will serve as fuel for sustainable economies and will benefit societies and humanity as a whole. Globally, 750 million women and girls married before the age of 18, and at least 200 million women and girls in 30 countries were subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM / C). Under laws in 18 countries, the husband can prevent his wife from working; in 39 countries, women do not have equal inheritance rights with their male brethren; 49 countries lack laws protecting women from domestic violence. One out of every five females, including 19% of those between the ages of 15 and 49 years, has been subjected to physical and / or sexual violence by a spouse during the past 12 months. However, 49 countries lack laws specifically protecting women from such violence While women have made important breakthroughs in political positions throughout the world, their representation in national parliaments by 23.7% is far from equal. Only 52% of women who are married or in a relationship with women who are free to make decisions related to sexual relations, contraceptive use and health care. Globally, only 13% of landowners are women. More than 100 States have taken action to track budget allocations for gender equality. In North Africa, women occupy one in five paid jobs in the non-agricultural sector. The proportion of women working outside the agricultural sector increased from 35% in 1990 to 41% in 2015. In 46 countries, women now account for more than 30% of parliamentary seats in at least one parliamentary chamber. In South Asia, the risk of marriage of girls in childhood has declined by more than 40% since 2000. The rates of girls aged 15-19 years who are subject to female genital mutilation (FGM / C) in 30 countries fell from one in two girls in 2000 to one in three girls by 2017. Source: Achieving gender equality and empowerment of all women and girls United Nations.Read More